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吉川浩満(@哲学の劇場)の日々の泡

ベイカー&ハッカー

哲学

最強タッグ、ベイカー&ハッカーの『哲学探究』注釈書 Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning の "Extensively Revised" な第2版が刊行された(少し前に)。

  • G. P. Baker, P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Understanding And Meaning; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 1, Part I - Essays, Blackwell Publishing, 2005
Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning: Volume 1 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Part I: Essays

Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning: Volume 1 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Part I: Essays

  • G. P. Baker, P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Understanding And Meaning; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 1, Part II - Exegesis 1-184, Blackwell Publishing, 2005

本書カヴァーには、「2002年のベイカー氏の死後、ハッカー氏が徹底的に改訂」(大意)したとある。今回出たのはVolume 1で、Part I〜IIの2冊に分かれている。Part Iはエッセイ(論文)を、Part IIは注釈(第1〜184節)を収録。Part Iには新しいエッセイ2本が追加され、Part IIには Nachlassウィトゲンシュタインの遺稿データベース)を用いた検討が反映されているとのこと。

下記はPart 1の目次。Part 2のはBlackwellサイトに掲載されてなかったので割愛。


Acknowledgements
Introduction to Part 1: Essays
Abbreviations
I. THE AUGUSTINIAN CONCEPTION OF LANGUAGE (§1)
1. Augustine’s picture
2. The Augustinian family
(a) word-meaning
(b) correlating words with meanings
(c) ostensive explanation
(d) metapsychological corollaries
(e) sentence-meaning
3. Moving off in new directions
4. Frege
5. Russell
6. The Tractatus
II. EXPLANATION (§6)
1. Training, teaching, and explaining
2. Explanation and meaning
3. Explanation and grammar
4. Explanation and understanding
III. THE LANGUAGE-GAME METHOD (§7)
1. The emergence of the game analogy
2. An intermediate phase: comparisons with invented calculi
3. The emergence of the language-game method
4. Invented language-games
5. Natural language-games
IV. DESCRIPTIONS AND THE USES OF SENTENCES (§18)
1. Flying in the face of the facts
2. Sentences as descriptions of facts: surface-grammatical paraphrase
3. Sentences as descriptions: depth-grammatical analysis and descriptive contents
4. Sentences as instruments
5. Assertions, questions, commands make contact in language
V. OSTENSIVE DEFINITION AND ITS RAMIFICATIONS (§28)
1. Connecting language and reality
2. The range and limits of ostensive explanations
3. The normativity of ostensive definition
4. Samples
5. Misunderstandings resolved
6. Samples and simples
VI. INDEXICALS (§39)
VII. LOGICALLY PROPER NAMES (§39)
1. Russell
2. The Tractatus
3. The criticisms of the Investigations: assailing the motivation
4. The criticisms of the Investigations: real proper names and simple names
VIII. MEANING AND USE (§43)
1. The concept of meaning
2. Setting the stage
3. Wittgenstein: meaning and its internal relations
4. Qualifications
IX. CONTEXTUAL DICTA AND CONTEXTUAL PRINCIPLES (§50)
1. The problems of a principle
2. Frege
3. The Tractatus
4. After the Tractatus
5. Compositional theories of meaning
6. Computational theories of understanding
X. THE STANDARD METRE (§50)
1. The rudiments of measurement
2. The standard metre and canonical samples
3. Fixing the reference or explaining the meaning?
4. Defusing paradoxes
XI. FAMILY RESEMBLANCE (§65)
1. Background: definition, logical constituents and analysis
2. Family-resemblance: precursors and anticipations
3. Family resemblance: a minimalist interpretation
4. Sapping the defences of orthodoxy
5. Problems about family-resemblance concepts
6. Psychological concepts
7. Formal concepts
XII. PROPER NAMES (§79)
1. Stage-setting
2. Frege and Russell: simple abbreviation theories
3. Cluster theories of proper names
4. Some general principles
5. Some critical consequences
6. The significance of proper names
7. Proper names and meaning
XIII. TURNING THE EXAMINATION AROUND: THE RECANTATION OF A METAPHYSICIAN (§89)
1. Re-orienting the investigation
2. The sublime vision
3. Diagnosis: projecting the mode of representation onto what is represented
4. Idealizing the prototype
5. Misunderstanding the role of the Ideal
6. Turning the examination around
XIV. PHILOSOPHY (§109)
1. A revolution in philosophy
2. The sources of philosophical problems
3. The goals of philosophy: conceptual geography and intellectual therapy
4. The difficulty of philosophy
5. The methods of philosophy
6. Negative corollaries
7. Misunderstandings
8. Retrospect: the Tractatus and the Investigations
XV. SURVEYABILITY AND SURVEYABLE REPRESENTATIONS (§122)
1. Surveyability
2. Precursors: Hertz, Boltzmann, Ernst, Goethe, Spengler
3. The morphological method and the difficulty of surveying grammar
4. Surveyable representations
XVI. TRUTH AND THE GENERAL PROPOSITIONAL FORM (§134)
1. The demands of the picture theory
2. ‘That’s the way the cookie crumbles’
3. ‘... do we have a single concept of proposition?’ (PG 112)
4. ‘... the use of the words “true” and “false” ... belongs to our concept “proposition” but does not “fit” it ...’ (PI §136)
5. Truth, correspondence and multi-valued logic
XVII. UNDERSTANDING AND ABILITY (§143)
1. The place of the elucidation of understanding in the Investigations
2. Meaning and under-standing as the soul of signs
3. Categorial misconceptions of understanding
4. Categorial clarification
a. Understanding is not an experience
b. Understanding is not a process
c. Understanding is not a mental state
d. Understanding is neither a dispositional state of the brain nor a disposition
5. Powers and abilities
6. Understanding and ability
INDEX

ちなみにこのシリーズは全4巻。Volume 2は1冊、Volume 3-4は2冊ずつ(と思う)。

  • G. P. Baker, P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 2, Blackwell Publishing, 1988
Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity: An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations (Wittgenstein Rules, Grammar & Necessity)

Wittgenstein: Rules, Grammar and Necessity: An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations (Wittgenstein Rules, Grammar & Necessity)

  • P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Meaning and Mind; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 3, Part I - Essays, Blackwell Publishing, 1993

  • P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Meaning and Mind; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 3, Part II - Exegesis 243-427, Blackwell Publishing, 1993

  • P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Mind and Will; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 4, Part I - Essays, Blackwell Publishing, 2000
Wittgenstein, Part I: Essays: Mind and Will: Volume 4 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations

Wittgenstein, Part I: Essays: Mind and Will: Volume 4 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations

  • P. M. S. Hacker, Wittgenstein: Mind and Will; An Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations, Volume 4, Part II - Exegesis 428-693, Blackwell Publishing, 2000
Wittgenstein, Part II: Exegesis §§428-693: Mind and Will: Volume 4 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations

Wittgenstein, Part II: Exegesis §§428-693: Mind and Will: Volume 4 of an Analytical Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations

◇The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen (WAB)
http://wab.aksis.uib.no/

◇Blackwell Publishing
http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/